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Inkubator: How to Build Your Own DIY Incubator for Cheap

What is an Inkubator and How Does It Work?

An inkubator is a device that provides a controlled environment for incubation or growth of something. The word "inkubator" comes from the Latin word "incubare", which means "to hatch". Inkubators are commonly used for hatching eggs, cultivating microorganisms, and saving premature babies.


An inkubator works by maintaining a constant temperature, humidity, and oxygen level inside a chamber. Depending on the type and purpose of the inkubator, it may also have features such as automatic egg turning, air circulation, water refill, lighting, and monitoring. The goal of using an inkubator is to create optimal conditions for the development and survival of the incubated subject.

Types of Inkubators

There are many types of inkubators available in the market, each designed for a specific use. Here are some of the most common ones:

Egg Inkubators

Egg inkubators are used for hatching eggs from various poultry and bird species, such as chickens, ducks, quails, turkeys, geese, parrots, and peacocks. Egg inkubators can be manual or automatic, depending on whether they require human intervention to turn the eggs or not. Egg inkubators can also vary in size and capacity, ranging from a few eggs to hundreds of eggs.

inkubator egg incubator

inkubator laboratorium

inkubator mikrobiologi

inkubator bayi

inkubator telur ayam

inkubator kultur jaringan

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inkubator reptil

inkubator burung

inkubator bakteri

inkubator co2

inkubator digital

inkubator elektrik

inkubator gas

inkubator hewan

inkubator ikan

inkubator jamur

inkubator kampung

inkubator kucing

inkubator listrik

inkubator mini

inkubator neonatus

inkubator otomatis

inkubator paruh bengkok

inkubator quail

inkubator rumah tangga

inkubator sederhana

inkubator tanaman

inkubator udara

inkubator vertikal

cara membuat inkubator sendiri

cara menggunakan inkubator telur

cara merawat bayi di inkubator

cara membersihkan inkubator laboratorium

cara mengatur suhu pada inkubator telur

cara menghitung kapasitas inkubator telur

cara mengetahui suhu ideal untuk inkubator telur ayam kampung, bebek, angsa, dan puyuh.

cara menetaskan telur dengan menggunakan lampu pijar sebagai sumber panas pada inkubator sederhana.

cara memilih jenis dan ukuran egg turner yang sesuai dengan jenis dan jumlah telur yang akan diinkubasi.

cara membedakan jenis kelamin anak ayam yang baru menetas dari telur yang diinkubasi.

harga dan spesifikasi berbagai merk dan model inkubator telur yang tersedia di pasaran.

kelebihan dan kekurangan menggunakan baterai, listrik, atau gas sebagai sumber energi untuk mengoperasikan inkubator telur.

tips dan trik untuk meningkatkan tingkat keberhasilan penetasan telur dengan menggunakan inkubator.

faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perkembangan embrio dalam telur yang diinkubasi, seperti suhu, kelembaban, ventilasi, posisi, dan frekuensi putar telur.

manfaat dan risiko menggunakan hormon pertumbuhan atau obat-obatan tertentu untuk mempercepat atau memperlambat proses penetasan telur dengan menggunakan inkubator.

Some examples of egg inkubators are:


KEBONNIXS 12 Egg IncubatorA fully automatic egg inkubator with humidity display, egg candler, and automatic egg turner. Suitable for hatching chickens, quails, ducks, and other small eggs.$99.99

Manna Pro Harris Farms Nurture Right IncubatorA semi-automatic egg inkubator that holds 22 eggs and has an automatic egg turner with temperature and humidity control. It also has a clear window for 360-degree view of the hatching process.$182.99-$229.99

IncuView Egg IncubatorA fully automatic egg inkubator that holds up to 27 chicken eggs or 49 quail eggs. It has a digital display, built-in egg candler, automatic egg turner, and humidity pump.$249.99

Laboratory Inkubators

Laboratory inkubators are used for cultivating microorganisms, such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and cells. Laboratory inkubators can be used for various purposes, such as research, testing, diagnosis, production, and education. Laboratory inkubators can have different features and specifications depending on the type and nature of the microorganisms being cultured.

Some examples of laboratory inkubators are:


Labnet Mini Incu-Shaker CO2 Mini Shaking IncubatorA compact shaking incubator that combines temperature control, CO2 control, and orbital shaking in one device. It can accommodate up to four standard microplates or two flasks.$5,995.00

Bio-Rad MyCycler Thermal CyclerA thermal cycler that performs PCR (polymerase chain reaction) to amplify DNA samples. It has a graphical display, programmable temperature gradient, and interchangeable blocks.$4,495.00

Th ermo Scientific Heracell VIOS 160i CO2 IncubatorA CO2 incubator that provides optimal conditions for cell culture and tissue engineering. It has a stainless steel interior, HEPA filtration, and a touchscreen interface.$9,995.00

Neonatal Inkubators

Neonatal inkubators are used for saving premature babies or newborns with medical conditions that require special care. Neonatal inkubators provide a warm, sterile, and quiet environment for the babies to grow and develop. Neonatal inkubators can also monitor the vital signs of the babies and deliver oxygen, fluids, and medications if needed.

Some examples of neonatal inkubators are:


GE Giraffe OmniBed CarestationA hybrid inkubator and warmer that combines the features of both in one device. It has a microprocessor-controlled thermal environment, a full-color display, and an integrated resuscitation system.$35,000.00-$45,000.00

Dräger BabyLeo TN500A neonatal open care system that provides radiant warming, thermoregulation, and phototherapy for the babies. It has a touch screen interface, a height-adjustable mattress, and a noise reduction mode.$25,000.00-$35,000.00

Atom Medical Air Incu iA transportable air inkubator that can be used for transferring babies between hospitals or within the hospital. It has a double wall structure, a battery backup, and a humidification system.$15,000.00-$25,000.00

Benefits of Using Inkubators

Inkubators have many benefits for different purposes and applications. Here are some of the main benefits of using inkubators:

For Hatching Eggs

Inkubators can help you hatch eggs from various poultry and bird species with ease and convenience. Some of the benefits of using egg inkubators are:

  • You can hatch eggs all year round regardless of the season or weather conditions.

  • You can control the temperature, humidity, and oxygen level inside the inkubator to ensure optimal hatching results.

  • You can avoid predators, diseases, and parasites that may harm the eggs or the mother bird.

  • You can increase the hatch rate and reduce the mortality rate of the chicks.

  • You can enjoy the fun and rewarding experience of watching the eggs hatch and the chicks grow.

For Cultivating Microorganisms

Inkubators can help you cultivate microorganisms for various purposes such as research, testing, diagnosis, production, and education. Some of the benefits of using laboratory inkubators are:

  • You can create a stable and sterile environment for the growth and development of the microorganisms.

  • You can adjust the temperature, humidity, CO2 level, and shaking speed inside the inkubator to suit different types and strains of microorganisms.

  • You can observe and monitor the growth and behavior of the microorganisms through transparent windows or digital displays.

  • You can perform various experiments and analyses on the microorganisms using specialized equipment and tools.

  • You can contribute to the advancement of science and medicine by discovering new insights and applications of the microorganisms.

For Saving Premature Babies

Inkubators can help you save premature babies or newborns with medical conditions that require special care. Some of the benefits of using neonatal inkubators are:

  • You can provide a warm, sterile, and quiet environment for the babies to grow and develop.

  • You can monitor the vital signs of the babies such as heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, and temperature.

  • You can deliver oxygen, fluids, and medications to the babies if needed.

  • You can protect the babies from infections, noise, light, and other external stimuli that may harm them.

  • You can increase the survival rate and reduce the complications of the babies.

How to Choose the Right Inkubator for Your Needs

If you are planning to buy or use an inkubator for your needs, you need to consider some factors before making your decision. Here are some tips and recommendations on how to choose the right inkubator for your needs:

Some of the factors that you need to consider when choosing an inkubator are:

The purpose and application of the inkubator. You need to determine what you want to use the inkub


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